US Presidential Elections

The will be held on Tuesday, November 8th, 2016  ♦  2016 Presidential Candidates

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    Chris Christie
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Article VI, paragraph 3 of the U.S. Constitution stipulates,
"The Senators and Representatives before mentioned, and the Members of the several State Legislatures, and all executive and judicial Officers, both of the United States and of the several States, shall be bound by Oath or Affirmation, to support this Constitution; but no religious test shall ever be required as a qualification to any office or public trust under the United States."

The article implicitly precludes any questions concerning the religious affiliation or beliefs of a president, a fact that many claim, were purposely engineered by the Founding Fathers to accommodate the Unitarian and Deist beliefs among several of them, a few whom would later become president of the country.

This is further reinforced with the introduction of The 14th Amendment, adopted on July 9, 1868, which states:
"No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States."

There is no denying that the religious affiliations of several former presidents are suspect. Twelve, in particular, have been mired in controversy for the longest of time.

• John Adams
• Chester Arthur
• Ulysses S. Grant
• William Henry Harrison
• Rutherford B. Hayes
• Thomas Jefferson
• Andrew Johnson
• Abraham Lincoln
• James Madison
• James Monroe
• Zachary Taylor
• John Tyler

There is also the disagreement behind the classification of 21 former presidents as Episcopalian. The closest church to the White House, at one time, was the St. John's Church, of the Episcopalian denomination. Located a stone throws' away from the White House, the church was reputed to be highly selective of its members, and admission was seen as a status symbol, prompting many to claim affiliation. Case in point was on the assertion that Martin Van Buren and John Tyler were Episcopalians, when there was evidence that van Buren was a practicing Dutch Reformist/Protestant in New York, while Tyler's only surviving quote on religion was in defense of Catholics!

Former President Eisenhower's affiliation is also another cloudy area, as there is strong evidence he was a Jehovah Witness instead of Presbyterian.

However, for the purpose of brevity, we've compiled a list that presents the majority view of the religious affiliations of our 43 presidents.

List of Presidential Religious Affiliation by Denomination

Warren Harding, Harry Truman, Jimmy Carter and Bill Clinton

John F. Kennedy

Congregationalist (Protestant)
Calvin Coolidge, Barack Obama (United Church of Christ)

Disciple of Christ (Protestant)
James Garfield, Lyndon Johnson

Dutch Reformed (Protestant)
Martin van Buren and Theodore Roosevelt

Episcopalian (Anglican)
James Madison, James Monroe, William Harrison, John Tyler, Zachary Taylor, Franklin Pierce, Chester Arthur, Franklin Roosevelt, Gerald Ford and George H.W. Bush

Methodist (Protestant)
Ulysses S. Grant, Rutherford B. Hayes, William McKinley and George W. Bush

Presbyterian (Scottish Protestant)
Andrew Jackson, James Polk, James Buchanan, Grover Cleveland, Benjamin Harrison, Woodrow Wilson, Dwight Eisenhower and Ronald Reagan

Quaker (Evangelical)
Herbert Hoover, Richard Nixon

John Adams, John Quincy Adams, William Howard Taft and Millard Filmore

George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Abraham Lincoln and Andrew Jackson

What about the candidates?



2012 Libertarian Presidential Nominee
Former Governor of New Mexico

Gary Johnson

Presidential Candidate Gary Johnson

Johnson Religion

Johnson is a non-practicing Lutheran.
Johnson's profile, official website and positions on the issues

2012 Democratic Presidential Nominee
Current President of the United States

Barack Obama

Presidential Candidate Barack Obama

Obama Religion

Obama is a practicing Christian (Congregationalist). His biological father, Obama Sr., came from a mixed Christian-Muslim-Animist family background. His stepfather, Lolo Soetoro, was a Muslim, while his mother, Ann Dunham, was a Christian. His maternal grandparents, Stanley and Madelyn Dunham, were Christians.

While living in Chicago, Obama and his wife, Michelle, attended Sunday service at the Trinity United Church of Christ for almost two decades. However, following controversial remarks made by the church's pastor, Reverend Jeremiah Wright, in 2008, they have moved to a different, undisclosed, congregation.
Obama's profile, official website and positions on the issues

2012 Republican Presidential Nominee
Former Governor of Massachusetts

Mitt Romney

Presidential Candidate Mitt Romney

Romney Religion

• Mitt Romney is a Mormon, and a member of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-Day Saints (LDS).

• Mitt Romney is the fifth Mormon to try for presidency.

• Comparing his stance to that of John F. Kennedy's famous address in 1960, Mitt Romney said
'Like him, I am an American running for president. I do not define my candidacy by my religion. A person should not be elected because of his faith nor should he be rejected because he believes in my Mormon faith and I endeavor to live by it. My faith is the faith of my fathers -- I will be true to them and to my beliefs,"

• In his Faith in America speech on December 16th 2007, Mitt Romney said
"No candidate should become the spokesman for his faith. For if he becomes president he will need the prayers of the people of all faiths."
Romney's profile, official website and positions on the issues

2012 Republican Vice-Presidential Nominee
U.S. Representative from Wisconsin

Paul Ryan

Presidential Candidate Paul Ryan

Ryan Religion

The Ryans are devout Catholics and are members of the St. John Vianney’s Parish in Brookfield, Wisconsin.
Ryan's profile, official website and positions on the issues




Declared 2012 Republican Presidential Candidate

Kathyern Lane

Presidential Candidate Kathyern Lane

Lane Religion

Non-denominational Christian

More on Lane  

Declared 2012 Republican Presidential Candidate
U.S. Representative from the State of Texas

Ron Paul

Presidential Candidate Ron Paul

Paul Religion

• Ron Paul is a Protestant.

• He was raised as a Lutheran but had his children baptized in the Episcopal church.

• He now attends a conservative Baptist church in his Texas district.

More on Paul  

Declared 2012 Independent Presidential Candidate

Stephen Rollins

Presidential Candidate Stephen Rollins

Rollins Religion


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Declared 2012 Republican Presidential Candidate

Matt Snyder

Presidential Candidate Matt Snyder

Snyder Religion

Christian; Non-denominational

More on Snyder  

Declared 2012 Republican Presidential Candidate

Vern Wuensche

Presidential Candidate Vern Wuensche

Wuensche Religion

• Has been a Missouri Synod Lutheran all his life. Is quite serious about his faith. He served as a treasurer in one church, was Elder in another for 38 years and is an Elder in his present church.

More on Wuensche  

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